The Natural History of the Good
The Pufendorf Lectures, May 28th - 31st, 2013
"Now good is considered in an absolute way by some philosophers, so that every entity, actually existing, may be considered good; but we pay no attention to such a
meaning, and consider a thing as good only insofar as it has a respect to others, and it is understood to be good for some person, or on his behalf.
(Samuel Pufendorf, The Law of Nature and of Nations)
The general aim of these lectures is to defend a conception of the Good that is compatible with a naturalistic conception of the world, or, to put it another way, it is to explain how the natural world came
to contain things that are properly characterized as good and bad. Simply put, my thesis is that the Good came into the world with the existence of entities for whom things can be good or bad. In support of
this thesis I will defend the claim that the concept of somethings being good-for someone is prior to that of somethings being good, and explain how we get from the fact of somethings being good-for someone
to its being good. I will then ask what sorts of beings can have a good, and explore the implications of the view for the existence of value in general, and for the relation between the right and the good.
Lecture One 28 May: Good and Good-For
Lecture Two 29 May: Good and Good-For, continued
Lecture Three 30 May: What Kinds of Entities can have a Good?
Lecture Four 31 May: The Right and the Good
All lectures take place in room 104 3pm - 5 pm, Department of Philosophy, Lund University, Kungshuset, Lund
You can watch and listen to Nancy Cartwright's Pufendorf Lectures from 2012 at http://www.pufendorf.se, along with previous lectures by Nicholas Humphrey (2011), T.M. Scanlon (2010),
Robert Stalnaker (2009), François Recanati (2008), Patricia Churchland (2007), John R. Searle (2006), Philip Pettit (2005), David Armstrong
(2004), and Margaret Boden (2003)